Heinrich-Barth-Institut

HEINRICH-BARTH-INSTITUT e.V. für Archäologie und Umweltgeschichte Afrikas

in Kooperation mit der UNIVERSITÄT ZU KÖLN, Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Forschungsstelle Afrika

Publikationsangebot

Africa Praehistorica

Monographs on African Archaeology and Environment
edited by Rudolph Kuper
Colloquium Africanum

Contributions to Interdisciplinary Research in Africa
Africa Explorata

Monographs on Early Research in Africa
edited by Rudolph Kuper
FACSIMILE REPRINT

Heinrich Barth
Barth’s Reisen in Afrika, Bände 1-5
Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika in den Jahren 1849 und 1855

Africa Praehistorica 28, Köln 2015

Frank Förster:
Der Abu Ballas-Weg.

Eine pharaonische Karawanenroute durch die Libysche Wüste

- 620 pp., 376 figures, 23 tables
- English, French and Arabic summaries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 978-3-927688-42-1

Die Arbeit stellt Funde und Befunde einer erst 1999 entdeckten pharaonischen Karawanenroute vor, die von der ägyptischen Oase Dachla bis weit nach Südwesten in die Libysche Wüste führt und damit diesen Raum erstmalig in den Blickpunkt ägyptologischer Forschungen rückt. Die durch steinerne Wegzeichen und streckenweise sogar durch im Wüstenboden erhaltene Eselpfade gut "ausgeschilderte" Route zeichnet sich vor allem durch eine Reihe von Versorgungsstationen in Gestalt umfangreicher Deponierungen von Tongefäßen aus, die hauptsächlich Wasser enthielten. Ohne den logistisch höchst aufwändigen Aufbau solcher Ketten künstlicher "Tankstellen" wäre es zu einer Zeit, in der nur Esel, aber keine Kamele zur Verfügung standen, unmöglich gewesen, größere Karawanen mehrere 100 km durch hyperaride Wüstenregionen überwinden zu lassen. Auf Grundlage archäologischer Untersuchungen im Rahmen des Kölner SFB 389 ACACIA werden zunächst die Funde und Befunde einer gründlichen Analyse unterzogen (Teil I der Arbeit), woran weiterführende Studien einerseits zur praktischen Nutzung (Teil II) und andererseits zur möglichen Funktion und kulturhistorischen Bedeutung des Karawanenweges (Teil III) anschließen. Als wesentliches Ergebnis stellte sich heraus, dass der sog. Abu Ballas-Weg eine in pharaonischer Zeit über viele Jahrhunderte genutzte Extremroute durch die Libysche Wüste war, der offenbar wiederholt unter ganz spezifischen geopolitischen Umständen eine größere Bedeutung zukam. Zumindest zeitweise dürfte sie ab dem späten 3. Jahrtausend v.Chr. als Handelsroute gedient haben, über die subsaharische Luxusgüter wie Weihrauch, Elfenbein, Felle exotischer Tiere, wertvolle Öle und dergleichen über Dachla ins ägyptische Niltal importiert wurden, vermutlich in Kooperation mit "libyschen" Nomadengruppen. Damit stellt sie den bislang ältesten Nachweis für einen transsaharischen Handelsverkehr dar. Die Existenz der Karawanenroute beweist, dass die den Alten Ägyptern bekannte Welt keineswegs jenseits der Oasen der Westwüste endete, und erzwingt damit eine Ausdehnung des ägyptologischen Betrachtungshorizontes mindestens bis zu einem Punkt, an dem die modernen Grenzen Libyens, Ägyptens und des Sudan zusammentreffen. Pharaonische Kultur- und Handelskontakte ins Innere Afrikas und deren Auswirkung und Bedeutung auf beiden Seiten werden dabei ebenso neu zu überdenken sein wie das Ausmaß der organisatorisch-logistischen Fähigkeiten der Ägypter, diese über extreme Trockenräume hinweg ohne Kamele zu ermöglichen.

Africa Praehistorica

Wadi Sura - The Cave of Beasts

Wadi Sura - The Cave of Beasts

Autor: Kuper, Rudolph (et al.)
Africa Praehistorica 26, Köln 2013
545 full colour pages, numerous figures, tables and maps, 2 folded plates
hardcover, half linen-bound, size 24x34 cm
ISBN 978-3-927688-40-7

El Kharafish.

El Kharafish. The archaeology of Sheikh Muftah pastoral nomads in the desert around Dakhla Oasis (Egypt)

Autor: Riemer, Heiko
Africa Praehistorica 25, Köln 2011
360 pp., 316 figures, 61 tables
hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm
ISBN 978-3-927688-38-4

Africa Praehistorica 24, Köln 2011

Africa Praehistorica 24, Köln 2011

Ralf Vogelsang & Barbara Eichhorn:

Under the Mopane Tree – Holocene Settlement in Northern Namibia

- 223 pp.

- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 978-3-927688-37-7









Der Nordwesten Namibias war bislang eine archäologisch unerforschte Region. Basierend auf den Ergebnissen von mehr als 10-jähriger Feldforschung möchte das vorliegende Buch diese Lücke schließen. Die in 8 Phasen gegliederte Besiedlungsgeschichte umfasst mehr als 10.000 Jahre: vom Ende des Pleistozän bis in historische Zeit. Trotz früher Keramikherstellung und vereinzelter früher Eisenartefakte ändert sich die Steingerätetechnologie kaum. Jagen und Sammeln ist die bestimmende Subsistenzweise während des gesamten Holozän; auch die natürliche Umwelt ist während dieses Zeitraums nur geringfügigen Schwankungen unterworfen, so dass die durch Mopane-Bäume charakterisierte Landschaft weitgehend den heutigen Verhältnissen entspricht.

Africa Praehistorica 23, Köln 2010

Africa Praehistorica 23, Köln 2010
Karin Kindermann:

Djara. Zur mittelholozänen Besiedlungsgeschichte zwischen Niltal und Oasen (Abu-Muharik-Plateau, Ägypten) – Teil 1

Karin Kindermann:Djara. Zur mittelholozänen Besiedlungsgeschichte zwischen Niltal und Oasen (Abu-Muharik-Plateau, Ägypten) – Teil 2

(Beiträge von Erich Claßen, Frank Darius, Stefanie Nussbaum, Andreas Pastoors, Nadja Pöllath, Heiko Riemer und Peter Schönfeld)

- 860 pp.
- 248 figures
- 150 bw. photographs, 6 colour photograph / 2 colour plates
- 28 maps
- 142 tables
- English, French and Arabic summaries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm


ISBN 978-3-927688-35-3
Archaeological excavations and surveys at Djara, which lies in the centre of the Egyptian Limestone Plateau between the Nile Valley and the oases of Egypt‘s Western Desert (Abu Muhariq Plateau), have revealed more than 200 archaeological sites that predominantly date back to the mid-Holocene humid phase, c. 6500-5200 BC. During that time, hunter-gatherers used the plateau desert as a temporal habitation area preferably during the winter season, when wild seeds could be gathered and gazelles were hunted after the winter rains.

Part 1 of the publication presents Karin Kindermann’s PhD thesis which includes the chronological sequence of Djara based on the lithic development and radiocarbon dates; the reconstruction of the seasonal cycle of the prehistoric people at Djara on the basis of archaeological data and ethnographical parallels; as well as how the Saharan climatic drying around 5000 BC and the resulting migrational shift into the Nile Valley impacted on the formation of the early Predynastic cultures along the Nile.

Part 2 consists of a number of expert studies written by different authors: The archaeological survey at Abu Gerara and in other areas south of Djara; the examination of the prehistoric pottery from Djara and Abu Gerara; the complete rock art recording from the Djara dripstone cave; the archaeobotanical and environmental evidence; as well as the archaeozoological analysis. Two papers are written English, while Kindermann’s contribution as well as three other papers are in German, with extended English summaries.

Africa Praehistorica 22, Köln 2012

Africa Praehistorica 22, Köln 2012

Hans-Peter Wotzka (ed):

Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Archaeology of the Fourth Nile Cataract, University of Cologne, 13–14 July 2006.

- 344 pp.

- 32 colour plates

- 224 tables

- 21 maps

- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 978-3-927688-34-6

„Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Archaeology of the Fourth Nile Cataract“, herausgegeben von Hans-Peter Wotzka, enthält in erster Linie Beiträge aus Vorträgen, die im Rahmen der von der Universität zu Köln im Juli 2006 veranstalteten Konferenz gehalten wurden. Am 4. Nilkatarakt im Sudan forschten bis 2007 zahlreiche Wissenschaftler aus unterschiedlichen Disziplinen und von internationalen Institutionen, bevor die Region in den Fluten eines neuen Stausees versank. Auch Archäologen von der Forschungsstelle Afrika des Kölner Instituts für Ur- und Frühgeschichte waren dabei: auf der Nil-Insel Boni Island. Ihre ersten Datierungen und Ergebnisse, unter anderem zu Technologie und Typologie der gefundenen Steinartefakte, zu funktionalen Eigenschaften von Keramikgefäßen, zur lokalen Felskunst, zu Pflanzen- und Tierknochenresten oder zu Stressmarkern an menschlichen Knochen, werden in diesem Buch vorgelegt und im Kontext der Erkenntnisse zahlreicher anderer Arbeitsgruppen erörtert. Die insgesamt 26 Beiträge geben einen Gesamtüberblick über den Abschluss der Geländearbeiten im Rahmen der internationalen Rettungsmaßnahmen im Zusammenspiel von Kultur- und Geowissenschaften.

Africa Praehistorica 21, Köln 2007

Africa Praehistorica 21, Köln 2007
Olaf Bubenzer, Andreas Bolten & Frank Darius (eds.):

Atlas of Cultural and Environmental Change in Arid Africa

- 240 pp.
- numerous coloured figures, tables and satellite-images
- hardcover
- half linen-bound
- size 25x35 cm

ISBN 978-3-927688-32-2

Africa Praehistorica 19, Köln 2006

Africa Praehistorica 19, Köln 2006
Mathias Lange:

WADI SHAW - WADI SAHAL

Studien zur holozänen Besiedlung der Laqiya-Region (Nordsudan)with contributions by J. Richter and W. Schuck

- 612 pp.
- numerous figures and tables,
- additional Arabic summary of main part
- hardcover, half linen-bound

ISBN 3-927688-30-4 (after 2006: 978-3-927688-30-8)

Africa Praehistorica 18, Köln 2005

Africa Praehistorica 18, Köln 2005
Jörg Linstädter:

WADI BAKHT

LANDSCHAFTSARCHÄOLOGIE EINER SIEDLUNGSKAMMER

- 375 pp.
- 242 figures
- 1 colour photograph
- 67 tables
- English abstracts
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 28 x 21 cm

ISBN 3-927688-25-8

Africa Praehistorica 17, Köln 2003

Africa Praehistorica 17, Köln 2003
Peter Breunig:

Der Brandberg.
Untersuchungen zur Besiedlungsgeschichte eines Hochgebirges in Namibia.

- 296 pp.
- 236 figures
- 1 colour photograph
- 43 tables
- English and French summaries
- hardcover
- half linen-bound
- size 21x28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-23-1

Africa Praehistorica 16, Köln 2003

Africa Praehistorica 16, Köln 2003
Friederike Jesse:

RAHIB 80/87. EIN WAVY-LINE-FUNDPLATZ IM WADI HOWAR UND DIE FRÜHESTE KERAMIK IN NORDAFRIKA

- 503 pp.
- 52 figures
- 1 colour photograph
- 79 tables
- 74 plates
- English, French and Arabic summeries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-22-3
The "Wavy Line" phenomenon is not only one of the most interesting aspects encountered in African cultural history but also within African archaeology. Without any recognizable predecessors the first pottery finds appear on the southern edge of the Sahara in the 9th millenium BC, displaying a surprisingly homogenous picture over a distance of more than 5000 km: a wavy line pattern made either by incision or impression covering the entire surface of the globular vessels which also bears witness to an extremely high standard of pottery technology.
The fact that this early pottery is very much older than comparible finds from the Near East is not the sole reason for it being particularly worthy of research. A further point of interest is that its appearance coincides with fundamental landscape and cultural change. After a period of extremely dry climatic conditions in the Late Pleistocene the southern Sahara was subject to a monsoonal rain front coming from the South. The resulting environmental conditions were to sustain cultural development in the region for more than 5000 years, thus playing a decisive role in the history of many parts of Africa.
The finds from two Cologne based projects, B.O.S. ("Besiedlungsgeschichte der Ost-Sahara") and ACACIA ("Arid Climate, Adaptation and Cultural Innovation in Africa") in the Wadi Howar, serve as the starting point for Friederike Jesse's examination of the various facies of Wavy Line decoration and her following discussion of its development and dispersal over a large area.

Africa Praehistorica 15, Köln 2003

Africa Praehistorica 15, Köln 2003

FOOD, FUEL AND FIELDS.
PROGRESS IN AFRICAN ARCHAEOBOTANY
edited by Katharina Neumann, Ann Butler & Stefanie -Kahlheber

- 304 pp.
- 105 figures (line illustrations and bw. photographs)
- 45 tables
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-20-7
Until the late 1970s African archaeology has suffered from the lack of basic data relative to the interaction between environmental change and subsistence strategies, the transition to farming, and the rise of civilizations and their economic background. Since then, numerous archaeobotanical studies have been conducted to change this situation. The present volume includes 19 papers dealing with Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Kenya, Morocco, Namibia, the Arabian Peninsula and the Canary Islands. It contains primarily the revised and, in some instances, considerably expanded papers read during the 3rd International Workshop on African Archaeobotany which was held in Frankfurt in 2000. Presented are case studies on the plant remains from archaeological sites and museum collections, as well as ethnographic and comparative morphological and systematic investigations on living plants.

Contents:

Domestication History of African Crops
Dorothea Bedigian: Sesame in Africa - origin and dispersal; Ann Butler: The Ethiopian pea: seeking the evidence for separate domestication; Elisabeth Hildebrand: Comparison of domestic vs. forest-growing Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman, Musaceae in Ethiopia - implications for detecting enset archaeologically, and modeling its domestication; Katharina Neumann: The late emergence of agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa - archaeobotanical evidence and ecological considerations.

Archaeobotany of North Africa and the Canary Isles
Ahmed Gamal-El-Din Fahmy: Palaeoethnobotanical studies of Egyptian Predynastic cemeteries - new dimensions and contributions; Patricia Crawford: Weeds as indicators of land-use strategies in ancient Egypt; Barbara Zach-Obmann: 7500 years old imprints of Panicum turgidum in a Saharan potsherd; Ruth Pelling: Medieval and early modern agriculture and crop dispersal in the Wadi el-Agial, Fezzan, Libya; Jacob Morales: Islands, plants and ancient human societies - a review of archaeobotanical works on the prehistory of the Canary Isles.

Wood for Fuel and Crafts
Barbara Eichhorn & Norbert Jürgens: The contribution of charcoal analysis to the Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation history of northwestern Namibia; Lydia Zapata Peña, Leonor Peña-Chocarro, Juan José Ibáñez Estévez & Jesús Emilio González Urquijo: Ethnoarchaeology in the Moroccan Jebala (Western Rif) - wood and dung as fuel; María Victoria Asensi Amorós: L'étude du bois et de son commerce en Egypte - lacunes des connaissances actuelles et perspectives pour l'analyse xylologique; Nahed Mourad Waly: Wooden objects from Ptolomaic and Early Coptic Periods, Upper Egypt.

Out of Africa: Contacts with Asia
René T.J. Cappers: Exotic imports of the Roman Empire - an exploratory study of potential vegetal products from Asia; Marijke van der Veen: Trade and diet at Roman and medieval Quseir al-Qadim, Egypt. A preliminary report; Dominique de Moulins, Carl Phillips & Nadia Durrani: The archaeobotanical record of Yemen and the question of Afro-Asian contacts; Margareta Tengberg: Archaeobotany in the Oman peninsula and the role of Eastern Arabia in the spread of African crops; Dorian Q. Fuller: African crops in prehistoric South Asia - a critical review; Roger Blench: The movement of cultivated plants between Africa and India in prehistory.

Africa Praehistorica 13, Köln 2001

Africa Praehistorica 13, Köln 2001
Tilman Lenssen-Erz::

GEMEINSCHAFT - GLEICHHEIT - MOBILITÄT.

FELSBILDER IM BRANDBERG, NAMIBIA, UND IHRE BEDEUTUNG.GRUNDLAGEN EINER TEXTUELLEN FELSBILDARCHÄOLOGIE

- 432 pp.
- 168 line illustrations
- 6 bw. photographs
- 77 tables
- 23 plates
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-19-3
The rock art of the Brandberg in Namibia is unique in the comprehensiveness and quality of its documentation and subsequent publication. The present study is based upon data from all rock art within a 135 km² area of the southern Brandberg - the whole corpus of rock art from the first three volumes of H. Pager "The Rock Paintings of the Upper Brandberg". This study analyzes 17,000 figures, 2,100 scenes, 1,600 superimpositions and 327 sites, and covers the full spectrum of landscape types encountered there, from the foot of the mountain up to its peaks.
This broad empirical base is the foundation of the new method of textual rock art archaeology which understands rock art as a means of human communication in which communicative utterances become comprehensible only through a matrix of rules. This study elaborates on the principles of how messages are conveyed through rock art. The method also provides insight into the meaning, the social background and the landscape setting of the rock art messages, enabling comprehensive interpretations of a life-world in terms of social and symbolic features, such as gender roles or the significance of animal motifs. However, the fundamental message of this art tradition lies in the outline of three major ideals of this prehistoric society, i.e. community, equality and mobility.
In addition, rock paintings from the south side of the Brandberg, documented by E.R. Scherz from the 1960s on, are reproduced here for the first time.

Africa Praehistorica 11, Köln 1998

Africa Praehistorica 11, Köln 1998
Ralf Vogelsang:

MIDDLE-STONE-AGE-FUNDSTELLEN IN SÜDWEST-NAMIBIA

- 351 pp.
- 247 line illustrations
- 107 bw. photographs
- 3 colour photographs
- 23 tables
- 82 plates
- English and French summaries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-17-7
Since the earliest appearance of modern Homo sapiens is assumed in the Middle Stone Age, this particular period is of great significance in the prehistoric development of the whole of southern Africa. This is all the more endorsed by the sensational discovery of painted slabs at the site “Apollo 11” in the southern part of Namibia. At an age of 27,000 years they are the oldest works of art in Africa and are amongst the earliest art world-wide. This thesis presents, for the first time, the archaeological context of these finds, and correlates them with the historico-cultural context of the other Middle Stone Age sites of the region.
In the last decades research on the Middle Stone Age has been relatively neglected. Wolfgang E. Wendt is the first to have carried out extensive excavations in Namibia. In course of his work Middle Stone Age layers were found at nine sites, although they were not finally analysed and published. These sites make up the basis of this publication by Ralf Vogelsang. In addition, all other known Middle Stone Age sites of the south-western part of Namibia are compiled in this publication. With regard to the few multi-sequenced sites “Apollo 11”, “Pockenbank” and “Bremen 1C” it has been possible to formulate a chronological framework, permitting the cultural classification of the other excavated assemblages. The five elaborated Middle Stone Age complexes point out that, irrespective of the local variability of the assemblages, there are changes of the stone artefact material reflecting superior trends. Therefore, this publication bridges and completes an incomplete stage of the Old Stone Age research in southern Africa. It also shows on the other hand the urgent need for further research in the surrounding regions, especially in the northern parts of Namibia.

Africa Praehistorica 9, Köln 1996

Africa Praehistorica 9, Köln 1996
Birgit Keding:

DJABARONA 84/13 – UNTERSUCHUNGEN ZUR BESIEDLUNGSGESCHICHTE DES WADI HOWAR ANHAND DER KERAMIK DES 3. UND 2. JAHRTAUSENDS V. CHR.
(Analysis of the settlement history of the Wadi Howar on the basis of the pottery of the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC).

- 371 pp.
- 83 figures
- 10 bw. photographs, 1colour photograph
- 46 tables, 78 plates
- English and French summaries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-14-2
With a length of more than 1,000 km the Wadi Howar is a west-east oriented valley system situated on the southern border of the Libyan Desert. It was once the largest tributary of the river Nile and, until two thousand years ago, was characterized by stretches of both running and standing water. Over several millennia, the Wadi Howar was an ecologically favourable area for human settlement and a highly important communication route between the Nile Valley and the inner regions of Africa. Evidence of this is given by numerous prehistoric sites located along the wadi banks which are particularly characterized by pottery. Although these sites were already mentioned by early explorers such as Newbold, Shaw and Frobenius, a systematic archaeological investigation of this still almost inaccessible region only began with the work of the Cologne project “Settlement History of the Eastern Sahara” (funded by: "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") in the 1980's.
The analysis of this work was primarily based on pottery assemblages from the Djabarona 84/13 site, the most prominent site in the region due to its size and large quantities of finds. Its features, in particular over 1,000 undisturbed pit inventories with abundant pottery material and animal bones, furnished an excellent basis for the analysis. Seriations, mappings of the distribution of the pit contents as well as regional and supraregional comparisons of absolutely dated archaeological finds, all helped establish a chronological sequence for the use of the pits and the typological pottery development in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. The results of this analysis seem to indicate that the cattle-keepers who settled in the Wadi Howar probably originated in the Sudanese Nile Valley but that – contrary to previous assumptions – there was an increasing orientation towards the adjacent areas to the west, especially in the later phases of advancing aridity. However, not only the chronological subdivisions of the pottery but also the archaeozoological results and the economic and probably ritual structures that can be deduced from this analysis make Djabarona 84/13 a cornerstone for the understanding of the settlement history of the southern Eastern Sahara.

Africa Praehistorica 8, Köln 1996

Africa Praehistorica 8, Köln 1996
Werner Schön:

AUSGRABUNGEN IM WADI EL AKHDAR,
GILF KEBIR (SW-ÄGYPTEN) WITH A CONTRIBUTION FROM ERWIN CZIESLA ON THE SITE WADI EL AKHDAR 80/14

- 2 parts
- 708 pp.
- 306 line illustrations
- 41 bw. photographs
- 2 colour photographs
- 100 tables
- 126 plates (incl. 9 photo plates)
- English and French summaries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-12-6
The western desert of Egypt and Sudan is one of the most arid regions on earth. Within the framework of the interdisciplinary project “Settlement History of the Eastern Sahara” (funded by "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft"), archaeological excavations have been conducted here since 1980 along a transect extending from the Mediterranean region into the Sahel zone which should provide information regarding the relationship between the development of human settlements and civilization and the change in climate over the last 10,000 years. One of the focuses of this study is the Gilf Kebir Plateau, which lies in the extreme southwestern corner of Egypt. The plateau is over 1,000 m high and provides ecologically favourable conditions where life could have flourished, even when the desert had long since begun to encroach on the nearby surroundings. Remnants of settlements from the 5th millennium BC, the time period which immediately preceded the emergence of the advanced Egyptian civilization, are particularly well-represented in the archaeological legacy. 15 of the 19 excavations evaluated in this 2-part volume and described and summarized in a detailed catalogue can be attributed to this time period.
Analysis of the materials found, which are presented here on over a hundred plates, focuses on the stone artefacts. Werner Schön developed an index based on the technological characteristics for the production of these tools. The index has proven useful in demonstrating supraregional spatial and temporal relationships. In his contribution, Erwin Cziesla succeeds in rendering conserved internal settlement structures visible by reconstructing production processes and refining methods for mapping the desert floor. As a result human activities that took place several millennia ago, in what is now a completely inhospitable environment, are once again brought to life.

Africa Praehistorica 6, Köln 1993

Africa Praehistorica 6, Köln 1993

Hans-Peter Wotzka:

STUDIEN ZUR ARCHÄOLOGIE DES ZENTRALAFRIKANISCHEN REGENWALDES

- 582 pp.

- 105 plates

- 224 tables

- 21 maps

- 46 line illustrations

- 33 bw. photographs

- English and French summaries

- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-07-X
The spread of the Bantu languages over most of sub-Saharan Africa constitutes a major topical issue in the continent's culture history. Archaeological terra incognita until very recently, the Central African rain forest was doomed to play only minor roles in linguistic and historical reconstructions of Bantu prehistory. Systematic fieldwork at the heart of the equatorial forest has changed this situation.

This book documents and synthesizes the results of a long term river reconnaissance project in the Inner Zaïre Basin, directed by Manfred K.H. Eggert and financed by "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft". More than 11,000 richly decorated pottery specimens, partly excavated from pit deposits or other settlement features, and partly surface finds, are attributed to 35 style groups and seriated into a sequence with radiocarbon dates from 400 BC to the present day. The ceramics covering this period bear witness to continuous stylistic change within a series of closely related regional trajectories, originating from a single 'ancestral' style, labelled the Imbonga group. Distributional analysis reveals successive stages of human penetration of the interior, moving upstream along the major eastern tributaries of the Zaïre river. In an attempt to relate the archaeologically established settlement sequence to the history of the Bantu expansion, a critical and up-to-date survey is provided of pertinent linguistic reconstructions and of both central and west-central African archaeology. The theoretical and methodological problems inherent in the integration of archaeology and historical linguistics are considered, together with a hypothesis on the stylistic and geographical origins of the Imbonga group, to open up promising lines for historical synthesis.

Africa Praehistorica 5, Köln 1992

Africa Praehistorica 5, Köln 1992

NEW LIGHT ON THE NORTHEAST AFRICAN PAST

edited by Frank Klees & Rudolph Kuper

- 250 pp.
- 16 bw. photographs
- 88 line illustrations
- 10 tables
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-06-1
This book provides a comprehensive overview of recent research into the prehistory of Northeast Africa, resulting from a Symposium held in Cologne in May 1990.

Contents:

J. Desmond Clark: The Earlier Stone Age/Lower Palaeolithic in North Africa and the Sahara
Fred Wendorf & Romuald Schild: The Middle Paleolithic of North Africa. A Status Report
Romuald Schild, Fred Wendorf & Angela E. Close: Northern and Eastern Africa Climate Changes Between 140 and 12 Thousand Years Ago
Pierre M. Vermeersch: The Upper and Late Palaeolithic of Northern and Eastern Africa
Angela E. Close: Holocene Occupation of the Eastern Sahara; Barbara E. Barich: Holocene Communities of Western and Central Sahara. A Reappraisal
Michal Kobusiewicz: Neolithic and Predynastic Development in the Egyptian Nile Valley
Francis Geus: The Neolithic in Lower Nubia
Lech Krzyzaniak: The Later Prehistory of the Upper (main) Nile. Comments on the Current State of the Research.

Africa Praehistorica 3, Köln 1991

Africa Praehistorica 3, Köln 1991
Jürgen Richter:

STUDIEN ZUR URGESCHICHTE NAMIBIAS

- 345 pp.
- 208 figures
- 47 maps
- 34 bw. photographs
- 30 tables
- 56 plates
- English and French summaries
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21 x 28 cm

ISBN 3-927688-04-5
Rock art research done in Namibia since the 1960's by Ernst R. Scherz and Harald Pager on behalf of the University of Cologne and financed by "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" soon evoked questions about the age and nature of prehistoric paintings and engravings. Archaeological excavation of rock art sites, it was hoped, would help to establish a cultural sequence which was then still poorly understood. Thus, since 1968, Wolfgang E. Wendt has conducted 45 excavations throughout the country, among these the famous cave of Apollo 11.
The present author has analysed 13 of Wendt's excavations in the surroundings of the Brandberg. Additional data from 31 other excavations carried out north of the Tropic of Capricorn before 1985 have been compiled for comparison. The stratigraphic results and the related landscapes allow us to connect prehistoric lifeways during the last 10,000 years with their changing environments and to establish a chronological sequence for Northern Namibia, in which also rock art can be included by good arguments.

Africa Praehistorica 20, Köln 2006

Africa Praehistorica 20, Köln 2006
Harald Pager:

THE ROCK PAINTINGS OF THE UPPER BRANDBERG,PART VI- NAIB (B) , CIRCUS AND DOM GORGES

Concept and text by Tilman Lenssen-Erz,

Tome 1:
- 456 pp., 412 pp. of rock art reproductions
- 8 colour plates

Tome 2:
- hardcover box containing 9 folded plates
- paperback of 195 pp.with tables

ISBN 3-927688-31-2 (after 2006: 978-3-927688-31-5)

Africa Praehistorica 12, Köln 2000

Africa Praehistorica 12, Köln 2000
Harald Pager:

THE ROCK PAINTINGS OF THE UPPER BRANDBERG,PART V - NAIB GORGE (A) AND THE NORTHWEST



Concept and text by Tilman Lenssen-Erz,
edited by Rudolph Kuper

Tome 1:
- 336 pp., 289 pp. of rock art reproductions
- 8 colour plates, maps
- many line illustrations
- hardcover, size 24 x 34 cm
- half linen-bound, colour photograph on front- and back-cover
Tome 2:
- 176 pp., 154 pp. of tables, line illustrations
- 9 folded plates, 8 of which 96 x 66 cm, 1 plate 44 x 64 cm
- hardcover box with colour photograph on front-cover, size 24 x 34 cm

ISBN 3-927688-18-5
This is the fifth volume of Harald Pager's documentation of rock art in the Brandberg in Namibia. It concludes the publication on the northern sector of the mountain, the final two volumes will cover its western areas.
This book is about a region of the Brandberg which encompasses one of the best known places in the mountain (Engelhard Plateau) but also other gorges which are so unknown that neither Damara, Herero nor European names have hitherto been recorded for them (Märchen, Porters and Raiders Gorges). These are small gorges in terms of extent and also in terms of rock art sites - nevertheless they contain unique paintings. Naib, on the other hand, is a particularly large rock art area: there are 179 sites in this gorge with more than 9000 figures in them. So Naib Gorge was divided into two separate parts for the publication, i.e. parts A and B. This volume contains Naib (A) only while part B will follow in the next volume.
Among the pictures are some of the best preserved paintings in the Brandberg which have hitherto remained completely unknown. But also "Crane Rock" is a veritable jewel in which cranes, rain, a serpent, klippspringers and a palm tree are inimitably composed into large abstract motifs. All this can be seen on one of the nine large folded plates.

Africa Praehistorica 10, Köln 1998

Africa Praehistorica 10, Köln 1998
Harald Pager:

THE ROCK PAINTINGS OF THE UPPER BRANDBERG,PART IV - UMUAB AND KAROAB GORGES

Concept and text by Tilman Lenssen-Erz,
edited by Rudolph Kuper

Tome 1:
- 424 pp., 382 pp. of rock art reproductions
- 8 colour photographs, maps, many line illustrations
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 24 x 34 cm
Tome 2:
- 222 pp., 200 pp. of tables
- line illustrations
- 10 folded plates
thereof 5 plates 96 x 132 cm
another 5 plates 66 x 96 cm
- hardcover box, size 24 x 34 cm

ISBN 3-927688-16-9
The Brandberg in Namibia overlooks two entirely different landscapes: while in the South the barren lands of the Namib Desert characterize its hinterland, its northern side is close to the river oasis of the Ugab Rivier with its surrounding savannah where even elephants encounter the Brandberg. Umuab and Karoab are the two principal gorges on this northern side of the mountain. The early explorers of this region considered the area to be particularly wild and almost void of rock art. However the thorough research of Harald Pager in these gorges revealed them both to be affluent rock art areas. In fact two of the richest rock art sites in Namibia are found here, both exhibiting more than 1,000 figures including two lifesize human figures, true giants of rock art.
To meet the challenging task of publishing this treasure trove adequately the huge figures and extensive friezes have been reproduced on large folded plates which accompany this book in a separate box. More than 8,200 figures have been catalogued and are reproduced in black and white, thus continuing this successful series of catalogues (see also Africa Praehistorica 7and 12). Eight colour plates complete the presentation, providing an impression of the landscape as well as of the colourful splendour of the paintings.

Africa Praehistorica 7, Köln 1993

Africa Praehistorica 7, Köln 1993
Harald Pager:

THE ROCKPAINTINGS OF THE UPPER BRANDBERG;PART III - SOUTHERN GORGES

Concept and text by Tilman Lenssen-Erz,
edited by Rudolph Kuper

- 543 pp.
- 360 pp. of rock art reproductions
- 5 bw. photographs, 8 colour photographs
- maps, many line illustrations, tables
- 4 folded plates in pocket inside back-cover,
thereof 3 plates 70 x 100 cm
1 plate 45 x 65 cm
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 24 x 34 cm

ISBN 3-927688-09-6
Towering almost 2,000 m above the Namib desert in southern Africa is the Brandberg mountain. This granite massif is adorned with prehistoric rock art, which is a highlight of African art and attests to humankind's early intellectual abilities. The late Harald Pager was primarily responsible for the comprehensive documentation of the Brandberg's rock art. A team of scientists, technicians and designers at the Heinrich-Barth-Institut e.V. refined Pager's documentation for publication in a series of catalogues. This volume (see also Africa Praehistorica 10 and 12) renders the Brandberg the best documented rock art areas on earth.
The book at hand examines rock art from 97 different sites on the southern flank of the mountain, including both unknown and known gorges such as the Orabes and Ga'aseb. The elevation and plan of each site is given and all of the rock art figures are reproduced in pen and ink tracings on a fixed scale. To generate the graphics no computer was used, instead, all of the graphics included in this book are drawn by hand. The diversity of the art and its surroundings can be seen in several colour plates. In a pocket at the back of the book are folded plates of four large friezes. Each rock art figure and scene is carefully explained in a set of tables based on a textual/analytical system developed by Tilman Lenssen-Erz. The introduction to the rock art sites covered in this volume complements the scientific catalogue.

Africa Praehistorica 27

Frank Förster & Heiko Riemer (eds.)

Desert Road Archaeology

in Ancient Egypt and Beyond

Africa Praehistorica 27

584 pages, hardcover and half linen-bound

ISBN 978-3-927688-41-4
Prologue by Rudolph Kuper

Foreword by Steven E. Sidebotham

Introduction

Heiko Riemer & Frank Förster Ancient desert roads: Towards establishing
a new field of archaeological research

Methods, approaches, and historical perspectives

Olaf Bubenzer & Andreas Bolten Top down: New satellite data and groundtruth
data as base for a reconstruction of ancient caravan routes. Examples
from the Western Desert of Egypt
Heiko Riemer Lessons in landscape learning: The dawn of long-distance
travel and navigation in Egypt’s Western Desert from prehistoric to Old
Kingdom times
Heidi Köpp Desert travel and transport in ancient Egypt. An overview
based on epigraphic, pictorial and archaeological evidence
Klaus Peter Kuhlmann The realm of “two deserts”: Siwah Oasis between
east and west
Meike Meerpohl Footprints in the sand: Recent long-distance camel trade
in the Libyan Desert (northeast Chad/southeast Libya)
Frank Förster, Heiko Riemer & Moez Mahir, with an appendix by Frank Darius
Donkeys to El-Fasher or how the present informs the past

Roads and regions I: Egypt’s Western Desert, and Bayuda

John Coleman Darnell, with the assistance of Deborah Darnell The Girga Road:
Abu Ziyâr, Tundaba, and the integration of the southern oases into the
Pharaonic state
Corinna Rossi & Salima Ikram Evidence of desert routes across northern
Kharga (Egypt’s Western Desert)
Laure Pantalacci Broadening horizons: Distant places and travels in Dakhla and the Western Desert at the end of the 3rd millennium
Frank Förster Beyond Dakhla: The Abu Ballas Trail in the Libyan Desert
(SW Egypt)

Stan Hendrickx, Frank Förster & Merel Eyckerman The Pharaonic pottery of
the Abu Ballas Trail: ‘Filling stations’ along a desert highway
András Zboray Prehistoric trails in the environs of Karkur Talh, Jebel
Uweinat
Heinz-Josef Thissen Donkeys and water: Demotic ostraca in Cologne as
evidence of desert travel between Oxyrhynchos and Bahariya Oasis
Per Storemyr, Elizabeth Bloxam, Tom Heldal & Adel Kelany Ancient desert
and quarry roads on the west bank of the Nile in the First Cataract region
Angelika Lohwasser Tracks in the Bayuda desert. The project ‘Wadi Abu
Dom Itinerary’ (W.A.D.I.)

Roads and regions II: Cyrenaica, Marmarica, Sinai, Arabian Peninsula

Steven Snape A stroll along the corniche? Coastal routes between the Nile
Delta and Cyrenaica in the Late Bronze Age
Thomas Vetter, Anna-Katharina Rieger & Heike Möller Water, routes and
rangelands: Ancient traffic and grazing infrastructure in the Marmarica
James K. Hoffmeier & Stephen O. Moshier “A highway out of Egypt”: The
main road from Egypt to Canaan
Claire Somaglino & Pierre Tallet A road to the Arabian Peninsula in the
reign of Ramesses III

Roads and regions III: Egypt’s Eastern Desert

Ian Shaw “We went forth to the desert land…”: Retracing the routes between
the Nile Valley and the Hatnub travertine quarries
Kathryn A. Bard, Rodolfo Fattovich & Andrea Manzo The ancient harbor at
Mersa/Wadi Gawasis and how to get there
Adam Bülow-Jacobsen Communication, travel, and transportation in
Egypt’s Eastern Desert during Roman times (1st to 3rd century AD)

Colloquium Africanum 5, Köln 2013

The Power of Walls - Fortifications in Ancient Northeastern Africa.

Autoren: Jesse, Friederike, Vogel, Carola
Colloquium Africanum 5, Köln 2013
356 pp., numerous figures, tables and maps
paperback, size 17 x 23 cm
ISBN 978-3-927688-39-1

Colloquium Africanum 4, Köln 2009

Colloquium Africanum 4, Köln 2009

Desert Animals in the Eastern Sahara

edited by Heiko Riemer, Frank Förster, Michael Herb & Nadja Pöllath

- 371 pp.
- 12 figures
- 79 bw. photographs
- 5 colour photographs
- 11 maps
- 17 tables
- paperback, size 17 x 23 cm

ISBN 978-3-927688-36-0
Desert animals in the eastern Sahara breaks new ground in investigating the changing and exceedingly complex relationship between man and wild animals from an interdisciplinary perspective. This volume brings together an international group of experts from diverse fields, including Egyptology, archaeology, biology, archaeozoology, and nature conservation, to explore the animal world of the Sahara, past and present. The chapters cover the distribution, behaviour, and economic significance of desert wildlife animals in antiquity and today, and highlight the impact of climate change and human activity on species well-adapted to some of the harshest conditions on earth. They emphasise cultural perception and the changing roles in hunting, social structure, and religion, as reflected in the bones, rock art, tomb decorations and ancient texts.

This highly illustrated volume originated in an ACACIA workshop held in 2007 at the University of Cologne. Fourteen papers are assembled under the following five topics: An outline of the workshop’s inspiration (based on a new study of pictorial sources from the Pharaonic era); the state-of-the-art of archaeozoology in the Nile Valley and Egypt’s Western Desert from Late Palaeolithic to Pharaonic times; studies in historical and current species distribution, animal behaviour and conservation; the economic and conceptual roles of hunting and keeping wild animals, from prehistoric to dynastic times; and the cultural reflection of desert animals in ancient Egyptian society and religion.

Contributors: Hubert Berke, John C. Darnell, Martin Fitzenreiter, Frank Förster, Jens-Ove Heckel, Stan Hendrickx, Michael Herb, Dirk Huyge, Salima Ikram, Joséphine Lesur-Gebremariam, Veerle Linseele, Nicolas Manlius, John Newby, Laure Pantalacci, Nadja Pöllath, Joachim Friedrich Quack, Heiko Riemer, and Wim Van Neer.

Editors: Heiko Riemer is prehistoric archaeologist at the University of Cologne; Frank Förster and Michael Herb are Egyptologists from the same University; and Nadja Pöllath is archaeozoologist at the University of Munich. As researchers of the Collaborative Research Centre ACACIA at the University of Cologne (1995–2007), the editors have cooperated for many years in fieldwork and interdisciplinary studies of ancient Egypt and its desert environments.

Colloquium Africanum 3, Köln 1997

Colloquium Africanum 3, Köln 1997

TRADITIONELLES EISENHANDWERK IN AFRIKA

edited by Reinhard Klein-Arendt

- 175 pp.
- 7 figures
- 2 bw. photographs
- 8 maps
- 8 tables
- English abstracts
- paperback, size 17 x 23 cm

ISBN 3-927688-13-4
Contents:

Augustin Holl: Metallurgy, iron technology and African Late Holocene societies;
Birgitt Wiesmüller: Möglichkeiten der interdisziplinären Zusammenarbeit von Archäologie und Linguistik am Beispiel der frühen Eisenzeit in Afrika;
Reinhard Klein-Arendt: Die Bantu-Ausbreitung und die Einführung des Eisens in Bantu-Afrika. Neuere historisch-linguistische Ansätze zu einem alten Problem
Hans Peter Hahn: Eisentechniken in Nord-Togo. Kultur- und technikgeschichtliche Interpretationen
Hermann Amborn: Hunde Gottes. Eisenhandwerker und Demiurgen

Colloquium Africanum 2, Köln 2007

Colloquium Africanum 2, Köln 2007

Aridity, Change and Conflict in Africa

edited by Michael Bollig, Olaf Bubenzer, Ralf Vogelsang & Hans-Peter Wotzka

- 471 pp.
- 23 figures
- 16 bw. photographs
- 4 colour photographs
- 17 maps
- 24 tables
- paperback, size 17 x 23 cm.

ISBN 978-3-927688-33-9
Contents:
Topography, soils and vegetation

Olaf Bubenzer, Andreas Bolten & Mathias Ritter
Scale-specific geomorphometry of arid regions: Examples from the Eastern Sahara

Fayez Alaily
Soil patterns and land use potential in the central Eastern Sahara, southwestern Egypt

Gunter Menz, Jochen Richters & Torsten Welle
Assessing impacts of global change on regional and local scales by means of remote sensing:
Case studies from northern Namibia


Game, livestock and mobility

Achilles Gautier
Animal domestication in North Africa

Nadja Pöllath
History hidden in bones: Holocene environmental change in northwestern Sudan

Heiko Riemer
When hunters started herding: Pastro-foragers and the complexity of Holocene economic change
in the Western Desert of Egypt

Barbara Eichhorn & Ralf Vogelsang
A pristine landscape? Archaeological and archaeobotanical research in the Skeleton Coast Park, northwestern Namibia

Violence, conflict and identities
Kennedy Agade Mkutu
New factors in pastoral conflict in the North Rift of northeastern Africa

Matthias Österle
Armed economies, militarised identities, excessive violence: Automatic rifles and the transformation of nomadic pastoralism in northwestern Kenya

Larissa Förster
Between Waterberg and Ohamakari: Namibian landscapes of memory

Michael Schnegg
Battling borderlands: Causes and consequences of an early German colonial war in Namibia

Ute Dieckmann
The predicament of ethnicity: Evidence from the Hai||om struggle, Namibia

Susanne Berzborn
Identity politics in the Richtersveld Land Claim, South Africa


State, land and crisis

Juan Carlos Moreno García
The state and the organisation of the rural landscape in 3rd millennium BC pharaonic Egypt

Carmen Jung
Rain in ancient Egypt: A linguistic approach

Michael Taylor
Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) and pastoral development in Botswana:
Implications for Sand land rights

Ben Cousins & Aninka Claassens
Communal tenure systems in South Africa: Past, present and future

Georgios Chatzoudis
The history of the name ‘Namibia’

Julia Pauli & Michael Schnegg
“Blood tests with the eyes”: Negotiating conjugal relations during the HIV/AIDS crisis in rural Namibia

Harri Siiskonen
The Namibian mainline churches and HIV/AIDS

Colloquium Africanum 1, Köln 1993

Colloquium Africanum 1, Köln 1993

ÜBERLEBENSSTRATEGIEN IN AFRIKA

edited by Michael Bollig & Frank Klees

- 376 pp.
- 41 figures
- 8 bw. photographs
- 5 maps
- 19 tables
- English abstracts
- paperback, size 17 x 23 cm.

ISBN 3-927688-08-8
Contents:

Horst G. Mensching: Desertifikation in Afrika. Ein ungelöstes ökologisches Problem
Katharina Neumann: Wirtschaftsweisen im Neolithikum der Ostsahara und ihr Einfluß auf die Vegetation
Holger Pflaumbaum: Futterressourcen in der Butana (Rep. Sudan). Zur Problematik der Dynamik ökologischer Tragfähigkeit
Hartmut Lang: Hungersnöte – Erkundungen zu den demographischen Folgen von Katastrophen
Polly Wiessner: The Pathways of the Past. !Kung San Hxaro Exchange and History
Michael Bollig: Krisenmanagement und Risikominimierung bei den pastoralnomadischen Pokot Nordwestkenias
Hermann Amborn: Wirtschaftliche und soziale Stabilisierungsstrategien südäthiopischer Feldbauern
Jürgen Richter: “Zu wenig Chalzedon“. Kritischer Rohstoffmangel bei prähistorischen Wildbeutern in Namibia
Monika & Otto Esser: Wildpflanzen als Ressourcen in unterschiedlichen ökonomischen und ökologischen Systemen in Ostafrika
Michael J. Casimir & Michael Bollig: Milchverarbeitung und Nahrungsmittelknappheit bei afrikanischen Pastoralisten
Uta Holter: Nomadenfrauen in der Dürre. Das Beispiel der Mahria Kamelnomaden (Nördliche Rizeigat) in Norddarfur/Sudan
Wilhelm J.G. Möhlig: Die Repräsentation von Krisen in traditionellen literarischen Prosatexten afrikanischer Erzähler bzw. Autoren
Rainer Voßen: Sprache und Krisenmanagement. Überlegungen zur Konzeptualisierung von Krisen bei südafrikanischen Wildbeutern
Carola Lentz: Staatlich verordneter “self-help spirit” versus lokale “self-reliance“. Regionale Kulturfestivals in Ghana als politische Arenen;
Renate Müller-Wollermann: Der altägyptische Staat und dezentralisiertes Krisenmanagement
Michael Weier: “Der Boden ist meine Haut!” Zur Lebenssituation der Bauern in der oberägyptischen Provinz Qena
Karl-Günther Schneider: Nutzung peripherer Wirtschaftsräume in Namibia. Okavango und Caprivi
Wolfgang Schoop: Dorfbezogene Ökomaßnahmen autochthoner Gruppen in Burkina Faso
Bertold Trittler: Ressourcensicherung – Armutsbekämpfung. Einheimische Konzepte und entwicklungspolitische Konzeptionen

Africa Explorata 2, Köln 2002

Africa Explorata 2, Köln 2002
Heinrich Barth:

CORINTHIORUM COMMERCII ET MERCATURAE HISTORIAE PARTICULA

The original Latin text of Barth's dissertation from 1844 with German and English translations, with a contribution by Christiane Dehl-von Kaenel and a compilation by Peter Kremer of all publications of and con-cerning Heinrich Barth

- 216 pp.
- 5 portraits showing Barth
- linen-bound, size 21,1 x 14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-21-5
This dissertation, accomplished in 1844 and herewith available in three languages, marks the starting point of Heinrich Barth's scientific work as the most significant German researcher in Africa. In his oeuvre Barth successfully integrates aspects of cultural history, linguistics, ethnography and geography in a manner entirely unusual for the 19th Century. His thesis proves that already at the beginning of his scientific career his views were shaped by the geographical role of the Mediterranean. For him the coastline formed the tie through which the economic and cultural connections between the people and cultures of three continents were established. Unfortunately, in his short lifetime, Barth was not granted the pleasure of completing his monographic portrayal of all the coastal countries of the Mediterranean, which he had researched whilst travelling the region himself. Barth's real scientific reputation was founded with the release of his five-volume opus about his travels through the Sahara and Sudan between 1850 and 1855. Still today this can serve as a primary source, particularly on the history of West Africa. Barth's quote below shows his modern, universal historic perspective and, for that time, his surprisingly prejudice free view of African culture and history. "Also the population movements in Central Africa have their history and it is only if they become part and parcel of the total picture of the history of the human race, can you begin to draw close to a conclusion of the latter." It is exactly this broad view, covered in his early works, that may have contributed to Barth being recognised for his exemplary role as mediator between Africa and the Old World. In addition to this, the complete bibliography compiled by Peter Kremer is a significant help for anyone wanting to find out more about Heinrich Barth.

Africa Explorata 1, Köln 1996

Africa Explorata 1, Köln 1996
Gerhard Rohlfs:

DREI MONATE IN DER LIBYSCHEN WÜSTE

MIT BEITRÄGEN VON P. ASCHERSON, W. JORDAN UND K. ZITTEL
(Three months in the Libyan Desert with contributions from P. Ascherson, W. Jordan and K. Zittel)

Reprint of the 1875 Cassel Edition

406 pp.
16 full-page photographs
29 illustrations
1 coloured fold-out map
linen-bound, size 21,1 x 14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-10-X
Gerhard Rohlfs, 14/4/1831 - 2/6/1896, together with Heinrich Barth and Gustav Nachtigal, ranks as one of the most outstanding 19th century German explorers of Africa. Following several years of travel in northern Africa, in the winter of 1873-74 Rohlfs led the first – and for the next hundred years what would remain the only – interdisciplinary expedition in western Egypt away from the oases – the then completely unknown Libyan Desert. Leading scientists of the time representing various fields, including the geologist and paleontologist K. Zittel, the geographer and geodetician W. Jordan as well as the botanist P. Ascherson, all took part in this venture, that was sponsored by the Khedive of Egypt. The first photographs of the oases and their peoples, and of the desert landscapes observed during the expedition were also made at this time by Ph. Remelé.
Although the expedition's original goal – to find a connecting route to the west and the Kufra Oasis – had to be abandoned, because the camels were unable to cross the up to 100 m high dunes of the Great Sand Sea, the expedition did provide a basis for current research of the eastern Sahara.
This reprint of the travel account – the original of which can only rarely be obtained and at great cost – includes all of the photographs and the coloured map. It was published to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Gerhad Rohlfs' death and to provide a rich source of geographical, ethnographical, botanical and archaeological observations for both the scientist and the interested desert traveler

FACSIMILE REPRINT

Africa Explorata 3/1, Köln 2005

Africa Explorata 3/1, Köln 2005

BARTH'S REISEN IN AFRIKA
BAND I
Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika in den Jahren 1849 und 1855.

- 638 pp.
- many figures in black and white and in colour
- 6 folded plates
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21,1x14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-24-X

Africa Explorata 3/2, Köln 2005

Africa Explorata 3/2, Köln 2005

BARTH'S REISEN IN AFRIKA
BAND II

Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika in den Jahren 1849 und 1855.

- 762 pp.
- many figures in black and white and in colour
- 3 folded plates
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21,1x14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-26-6

Africa Explorata 3/3, Köln 2005

Africa Explorata 3/3, Köln 2005

BARTH'S REISEN IN AFRIKA
BAND III

Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika in den Jahren 1849 und 1855.

- 612 pp.
- many figures in black and white and in colour
- 3 folded plates
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21,1x14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-27-4

Africa Explorata 3/4, Köln 2005

Africa Explorata 3/4, Köln 2005

BARTH'S REISEN IN AFRIKA
BAND IV

Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika in den Jahren 1849 und 1855.

- 688 pp.
- many figures in black and white and in colour
- 1 folded plates
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21,1x14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-28-2

Africa Explorata 3/5, Köln 2005

Africa Explorata 3/5, Köln 2005

BARTH'S REISEN IN AFRIKA
BAND V

Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika in den Jahren 1849 und 1855.

- 804 pp.
- many figures in black and white and in colour
- 3 folded plates
- hardcover, half linen-bound, size 21,1x14,8 cm

ISBN 3-927688-29-0